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Upgrading business investment in Turkey

Author

Listed:
  • Seyit Mümin Cilasun
  • Rauf Gönenç
  • Mustafa Utku Özmen
  • Mehmed Zahid Samancıoǧlu
  • Fatih Yilmaz
  • Volker Ziemann

Abstract

Starting from a low level in early 2000s, Turkey’s total capital stock has since expanded rapidly, but the composition and quality of investment raises questions. This study focuses on business investment, as the main driver of physical and knowledge-based capital formation and, hence, of potential output and the material foundations of well-being. Micro data allow to distinguish four types of firms: small businesses with a high rate of informality, medium-sized family firms, large formal corporations, and skilled start-ups. The relative importance of the challenges facing these different types of firms varies, notably with respect to skill shortcomings, regulatory burdens, labour costs, access to bank lending, over-leveraging and scarce equity capital. Improving the current business environment and overcoming the fragmentation of the business sector will be crucial to upgrade the quality of business investment and to enhance the allocative efficiency of capital formation. This calls for promoting formality, best management practices, the build-up of equity capital, access to long-term bank financing and other market-based financing that can complement traditional bank lending; and a faster and more inclusive transition to the digital economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Seyit Mümin Cilasun & Rauf Gönenç & Mustafa Utku Özmen & Mehmed Zahid Samancıoǧlu & Fatih Yilmaz & Volker Ziemann, 2019. "Upgrading business investment in Turkey," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1532, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1532-en
    DOI: 10.1787/537fc88b-en
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    Cited by:

    1. İbrahim Yarba & Z. Nuray Güner, 2020. "Leverage dynamics: Do financial development and government leverage matter? Evidence from a major developing economy," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 59(5), pages 2473-2507, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    business investment; FDI; firm-level data; R&D; Turkey;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D25 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice: Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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