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La libéralisation multilatérale des droits de douane et les pays en développement


  • Sébastien Dessus


  • Kiichiro Fukasaku


  • Raed Safadi



• Les droits de douane : une question toujours d’actualité. • Une libéralisation totale des droits de douane d’ici à 2010 – entraînant des progrès dans l’efficacité et la productivité – se traduirait par des gains de bien-être de l’ordre de 1 200 milliards de dollars (aux prix de 1995), soit 3 pour cent du PIB mondial en 2010. • Les pays en développement pourraient sans doute retirer de la libéralisation multilatérale des droits de douane des avantages relativement plus importants que les pays de l’OCDE, le gain global représentant près de 5 pour cent de leur PIB en 2010. • Les prochaines négociations de l’OMC permettront aux pays participants d’améliorer leur niveau de vie. Toutefois, pour les pays en développement, recueillir les avantages d’une telle libéralisation sera un véritable défi politique.

Suggested Citation

  • Sébastien Dessus & Kiichiro Fukasaku & Raed Safadi, 2001. "La libéralisation multilatérale des droits de douane et les pays en développement," Cahiers de politique économique du Centre de Développement de l'OCDE 18, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaad:18-fr
    DOI: 10.1787/816703685638

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    Cited by:

    1. Breisinger, Clemens & van Rheenen, Teunis & Ringler, Claudia & Nin Pratt, Alejandro & Minot, Nicholas & Aragon, Catherine & Yu, Bingxin & Ecker, Olivier & Zhu, Tingju, 2010. "Food security and economic development in the Middle East and North Africa," IFPRI discussion papers 985, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Bouët, Antoine, 2006. "What can the poor expect from trade liberalization?: opening the "black box" of trade modeling," MTID discussion papers 93, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Balogun, Emmanuel Dele & Dauda, Risikat O. S., 2012. "Poverty and employment impact of trade liberalization in Nigeria: empirical evidence and policy implications," MPRA Paper 41006, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Sep 2012.

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