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Specialization, Technical Change and Competitiveness in the Brazilian Electronics Industry

Listed author(s):
  • Claudio R. Frischtak
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    The Brazilian electronics industry operates within a policy regime which has promoted excessive diversification rather than concentrating on developing strong technological capabilities in appropriate areas. The international competitiveness of most segments of the electronics industry declined sharply during the first half of the 1980s. Four major sectors of the electronics industry are examined here: microelectronics, banking automation, colour TVs, and public digital exchanges. In microelectronics, the focus of specialisation should be on the design of application specific integrated circuits (ASICs). To support those design efforts with an efficient local IC fabrication capacity, the government needs to forge a cooperative arrangement among producers to enable the establishment of a silicon foundry of efficient scale. In banking automation, which is highly software and engineering intensive, firms could be expected to diversify into point-of-sale automation, without giving ... Sous l’influence des orientations politiques fixées par les pouvoirs publics, l’industrie électronique brésilienne s’est diversifiée à l’excès, au lieu de se concentrer sélectivement dans les secteurs caractérisés par leur excellence technologique. La plupart des branches de cette industrie ont vu leur compétitivité internationale décliner sérieusement pendant la première moitié des années 80. Microélectronique, automatisation des banques, téléviseurs couleur et centraux téléphoniques numériques sont les quatre branches sur lesquelles porte cette étude. La microélectronique a centré son effort sur la conception de circuits intégrés spécifiques d’application (application specific integrated circuits, ASICs). Cet objectif supposant l’existence d’une capacité nationale performante de production de circuits intégrés, le gouvernement s’efforce de parvenir à un accord de coopération entre les producteurs, qui pourrait aboutir à la création d’une fonderie de silicone de taille ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 27.

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    Date of creation: 01 Oct 1990
    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:27-en
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