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Regional Integration in West Africa

  • Ernest Aryeetey
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    ECOWAS, the Economic Community of Western Africa States, was set up in 1975 by 16 countries with the ultimate objective of forming an economic community. As in similar RTAs, that were best thought as extensions of ISI, early results have been rather discouraging, but the process of domestic liberalisation and trade reform initiated in the late 1980s led in 1992 to a new attempt to revamp the Community. There are at least two very interesting features of ECOWAS that indeed makes it a very interesting case study for the project. First, two of the most relevant Emerging Africa countries are located in the sub-region, namely Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, as is Nigeria, still embroiled in many economic woes, but that is regularly considered alongside South Africa as the key country to sustain the renaissance of Africa. Exploring how the smaller partners can provide a stimulus to Nigeria is therefore a first goal of the study. Second, the ineffectiveness of ECOWAS cannot mask the rich web of ... La Communauté économique des Etats d’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEAO) a été créée en 1975 par seize pays dans l’objectif de mettre en place à terme une communauté économique. Comme d’autres accords d’échanges régionaux – plutôt conçus comme des prolongements des politiques d’industrialisation par substitution aux importations – ses premiers résultats ont été décevants. Toutefois, le processus de réforme commerciale et de libéralisation des marchés intérieurs lancé à la fin des années 80 a abouti à une relance de la Communauté en 1992. Deux caractéristiques au moins de la CEAO en font un cas d’étude très intéressant. En premier lieu, deux des pays d’Afrique émergente les plus pertinents (la Côte d’Ivoire et le Ghana) sont situés dans cette région, tout comme le Nigeria, encore empêtré dans de nombreuses difficultés économiques, mais que chacun considère (à l’instar de l’Afrique du Sud) comme l’un des pays-clés pour une renaissance de l’Afrique. L’étude vise ainsi principalement à explorer ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 170.

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    Date of creation: Mar 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:170-en
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