IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Regional Integration in West Africa


  • Ernest Aryeetey


ECOWAS, the Economic Community of Western Africa States, was set up in 1975 by 16 countries with the ultimate objective of forming an economic community. As in similar RTAs, that were best thought as extensions of ISI, early results have been rather discouraging, but the process of domestic liberalisation and trade reform initiated in the late 1980s led in 1992 to a new attempt to revamp the Community. There are at least two very interesting features of ECOWAS that indeed makes it a very interesting case study for the project. First, two of the most relevant Emerging Africa countries are located in the sub-region, namely Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, as is Nigeria, still embroiled in many economic woes, but that is regularly considered alongside South Africa as the key country to sustain the renaissance of Africa. Exploring how the smaller partners can provide a stimulus to Nigeria is therefore a first goal of the study. Second, the ineffectiveness of ECOWAS cannot mask the rich web of ... La Communauté économique des Etats d’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEAO) a été créée en 1975 par seize pays dans l’objectif de mettre en place à terme une communauté économique. Comme d’autres accords d’échanges régionaux – plutôt conçus comme des prolongements des politiques d’industrialisation par substitution aux importations – ses premiers résultats ont été décevants. Toutefois, le processus de réforme commerciale et de libéralisation des marchés intérieurs lancé à la fin des années 80 a abouti à une relance de la Communauté en 1992. Deux caractéristiques au moins de la CEAO en font un cas d’étude très intéressant. En premier lieu, deux des pays d’Afrique émergente les plus pertinents (la Côte d’Ivoire et le Ghana) sont situés dans cette région, tout comme le Nigeria, encore empêtré dans de nombreuses difficultés économiques, mais que chacun considère (à l’instar de l’Afrique du Sud) comme l’un des pays-clés pour une renaissance de l’Afrique. L’étude vise ainsi principalement à explorer ...

Suggested Citation

  • Ernest Aryeetey, 2001. "Regional Integration in West Africa," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 170, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:170-en

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:ilo:ilowps:374998 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Magazzino, Cosimo, 2012. "Revenue and expenditure nexus: A case study of ECOWAS," Economics Discussion Papers 2012-57, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Magazzino, Cosimo, 2013. "Revenue and expenditure nexus: A case study of ECOWAS," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 7, pages 1-27.
    4. Robert, René., 2005. "The social dimension of regional integration in ECOWAS," ILO Working Papers 993749983402676, International Labour Organization.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:170-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.