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Une estimation de la pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne d'après les données anthropométriques


  • Christian Morrisson
  • Hélène Guilmeau
  • Charles Linskens


Ce document technique présente la première estimation de la pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne fondée sur les données anthropométriques collectées dans 19 pays par les Demographic and Health Surveys. La pauvreté étudiée est la pauvreté absolue (les deux autres concepts, de pauvreté relative et de pauvreté subjective, ont été exclus), qui est définie comme l’incapacité d’une famille à assurer toutes les consommations nécessaires pour un état de santé satisfaisant et une croissance normale de ses enfants, de sorte que ceux-ci souffrent de malnutrition grave. Statistiquement, on considère que tout enfant de moins de cinq ans qui a une taille (ou un poids) inférieure de plus de deux écarts types à la taille médiane dans les pays développés est un cas de malnutrition grave. Les pourcentages d’enfants souffrant de malnutrition grave (et donc ceux de familles classées en dessous du seuil de pauvreté absolue) vont de 15-20 pour cent environ dans les pays à revenu intermédiaire ... This Technical Paper reports on the first assessments of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa based on anthropometric data collected in 19 countries for the Demographic and Health Surveys. The poverty studied is absolute poverty, which can be defined as the inability of a family to meet sufficient consumption levels to maintain a satisfactory state of health and normal growth of its children in order to avoid serious malnutrition. (The other two concepts of poverty, relative poverty and subjective poverty, are not used in this study). Statistically, any child under five years of age whose height (or weight) is more than two standard deviations below median height in developed countries is considered to be suffering from serious malnutrition. The percentages of children with serious malnutrition (and thereby of families classed as below the threshold of absolute poverty) range from, roughly, 15-20 per cent in mediumincome countries (Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe) to more than 50 per ...

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Morrisson & Hélène Guilmeau & Charles Linskens, 2000. "Une estimation de la pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne d'après les données anthropométriques," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 158, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:158-fr

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    Cited by:

    1. Michaelowa, Katharina, 2001. "Primary Education Quality in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants of Learning Achievement and Efficiency Considerations," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 1699-1716, October.

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