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La libéralisation de l'agriculture tunisienne et l'Union européenne : Une vue prospective

Author

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  • Mohamed Chemingui
  • Sébastien Dessus

Abstract

Il est convenu que la Tunisie et l’Union européenne entament à partir de l’an 2000 les négociations concernant la libéralisation de leurs échanges agricoles, dans le cadre de l’accord de partenariat signé en 1995. L’ancrage politique de la Tunisie à l’Europe lui donne l’occasion de réorienter la politique agricole jusqu’alors poursuivie, qui visait principalement à l’autosuffisance alimentaire. Cette politique s’avère coûteuse à la nation, car elle conduit à une mauvaise allocation des ressources. La question est alors de savoir comment réformer l’agriculture tunisienne à moindre coût, notamment pour les ménages ruraux, et d’observer dans quelle mesure l’Europe pourrait faciliter la transition vers une agriculture plus dynamique.Ce document examine divers scénarios prospectifs de l’agriculture tunisienne à l’horizon 2010, à l’aide d’un modèle d’équilibre général dynamique. Il en ressort qu’en l’absence de contreparties de la part de l’Union européenne, qui pourraient prendre par ... In the context of the partnership agreement signed between Tunisia and the European Union in 1995, talks will begin in the year 2000 on the liberalisation of their agricultural trade. Tunisia’s political attachment to Europe will give the country the opportunity to diversify agricultural policy. Hitherto based on achieving self sufficiency in food, this policy has resulted in poor resource allocation. The goal now is to find the least costly means of reforming Tunisian agricultural policy, particularly for rural households, while seeking the extent to which Europe could help in the transition towards a more dynamic agricultural sector.With the assistance of a dynamic general equilibrium model, this technical paper examines a number of scenarios for Tunisian agriculture towards 2010. It finds that in the absence of EU concessions, which could take the form of the removal of tariff quotas, it would not be in Tunisia’s interest to reduce support for agriculture and lower its own ...

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Chemingui & Sébastien Dessus, 1999. "La libéralisation de l'agriculture tunisienne et l'Union européenne : Une vue prospective," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 144, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:144-fr
    DOI: 10.1787/557216740816
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1787/557216740816
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Youssef Chahed & Sophie Drogué, 2003. "Incidence du processus multilatéral sur la viabilité des accords préférentiels: le cas euro-méditerranéen," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 276(1), pages 3-16.
    2. Chatti Rim, 2003. "A CGE Assessment of FTA Between Tunisia and the EU Under Oligopolistic Market Structures," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 1(2), pages 1-30, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agriculture; intégration régionale; modèle d'équilibre général calculable; Tunisie; Union européenne;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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