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An Institutional Perspective on Externalities.The Nordic Wolf Re-Colonization


  • Jan Tore Solstad

    (Trondheim Business School)

  • Eivind Egeland Aronsen
  • Anders Skonhoft

    (Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology)


The paper discusses and redefines the traditional concept of externalities. Inspired by J.R. Commons' theory of institutional evolution we define externalities as policy relevant institutional interdependencies. Our concept of externalities is more general and reflects institutional failure rather than market failure. We exemplify our institutional concept of externalities by discussing the conflicts associated with the re-colonization of wolves in Scandinavia. Pinpointing the conflict between wolf management and sheep farming, we identify externalities in the de jure property rights to the pastures, and discuss how they can be internalized.

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  • Jan Tore Solstad & Eivind Egeland Aronsen & Anders Skonhoft, 2013. "An Institutional Perspective on Externalities.The Nordic Wolf Re-Colonization," Working Paper Series 15413, Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
  • Handle: RePEc:nst:samfok:15413

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    4. Melitz, Jacques & Zumer, Frederic, 1999. "Interregional and international risk-sharing and lessons for EMU," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 149-188, December.
    5. John Y. Campbell & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1987. "Are Output Fluctuations Transitory?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 102(4), pages 857-880.
    6. Tesar, Linda L. & Werner, Ingrid M., 1995. "Home bias and high turnover," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 467-492, August.
    7. Maurice Obstfeld., 1993. "Are Industrial-Country Consumption Risks Globally Diversified?," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C93-014, University of California at Berkeley.
    8. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J & Kydland, Finn E, 1992. "International Real Business Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 745-775, August.
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