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EURATOM between European Nuclear Integration and World Nuclear Order, 1955-1958 FIntegration, Independence and Proliferation

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  • Shuichi Kawashima

    (Meiji University)

Abstract

This paper examines the historical process by which European Atomic Community (EURATOM) was established and gained its institutional functions. Special attention is paid to how EURATOM was placed in the Nuclear World Order which was being established gradually from 1950s to 1960s. EURATOM is the predecessor of one of the organizations which consists today fs EU still plays certain roles today. However, whereas the EEC, established simultaneously as EURATOM, succeed in providing the foundations of today fs EU, this atomic Community rapidly lost its raison d'etre and is today almost forgotten. What was EURATOM? This paper scrutinize establishment of EURATOM, based on unpublished multi-archival materials, putting it in the context of global nuclear order in broader sense which include regime of peaceful use of nuclear energy and military alliance such as NATO whose strategy depended on nuclear weapons, rather than of European integration. EURATOM turns out to be a kind of an air-pocket whilst Europe pursued cooperation and independence simultaneously with the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Shuichi Kawashima, 2016. "EURATOM between European Nuclear Integration and World Nuclear Order, 1955-1958 FIntegration, Independence and Proliferation," GRIPS Discussion Papers 16-17, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:16-17
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    Cited by:

    1. Aigul Nukusheva & Guldana Karzhassova & Dinara Rustembekova & Tatyana Au & Kulbagila Baikenzhina, 2021. "International nuclear energy legal regulation: comparing the experience of the EU and the CIS countries," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 647-667, December.

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