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On the Correlation Structure of Microstructure Noise: A Financial Economic Approach

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  • Francis X. Diebold
  • Georg Strasser

Abstract

We introduce the financial economics of market microstructure into the financial econometrics of asset return volatility estimation. In particular, we use market microstructure theory to derive the cross-correlation function between latent returns and market microstructure noise, which feature prominently in the recent volatility literature. The cross-correlation at zero displacement is typically negative, and cross-correlations at nonzero displacements are positive and decay geometrically. If market makers are sufficiently risk averse, however, the cross-correlation pattern is inverted. Our results are useful for assessing the validity of the frequently-assumed independence of latent price and microstructure noise, for explaining observed cross-correlation patterns, for predicting as-yet undiscovered patterns, and for making informed conjectures regarding improved volatility estimation methods.

Suggested Citation

  • Francis X. Diebold & Georg Strasser, 2010. "On the Correlation Structure of Microstructure Noise: A Financial Economic Approach," NBER Working Papers 16469, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16469
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hounyo, Ulrich, 2017. "Bootstrapping integrated covariance matrix estimators in noisy jump–diffusion models with non-synchronous trading," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 197(1), pages 130-152.
    2. Christensen, K. & Podolskij, M. & Thamrongrat, N. & Veliyev, B., 2017. "Inference from high-frequency data: A subsampling approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 197(2), pages 245-272.
    3. Pierre Chausse & Dinghai Xu, 2012. "GMM Estimation of a Stochastic Volatility Model with Realized Volatility: A Monte Carlo Study," Working Papers 1203, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics, revised May 2012.
    4. Andersen, Torben G. & Cebiroglu, Gökhan & Hautsch, Nikolaus, 2017. "Volatility, information feedback and market microstructure noise: A tale of two regimes," CFS Working Paper Series 569, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    5. Liu, Lily Y. & Patton, Andrew J. & Sheppard, Kevin, 2015. "Does anything beat 5-minute RV? A comparison of realized measures across multiple asset classes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(1), pages 293-311.
    6. Rasmus Tangsgaard Varneskov, 2011. "Flat-Top Realized Kernel Estimation of Quadratic Covariation with Non-Synchronous and Noisy Asset Prices," CREATES Research Papers 2011-35, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    7. Christensen, Kim & Oomen, Roel C.A. & Podolskij, Mark, 2014. "Fact or friction: Jumps at ultra high frequency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(3), pages 576-599.
    8. Selma Chaker, 2013. "Volatility and Liquidity Costs," Staff Working Papers 13-29, Bank of Canada.
    9. Kim Christensen & Roel Oomen & Roberto Renò, 2016. "The Drift Burst Hypothesis," CREATES Research Papers 2016-28, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    10. Simon Clinet & Yoann Potiron, 2017. "Testing if the market microstructure noise is a function of the limit order book," Papers 1709.02502, arXiv.org, revised Feb 2018.
    11. Simon Clinet & Yoann Potiron, 2017. "Estimation for high-frequency data under parametric market microstructure noise," Papers 1712.01479, arXiv.org.
    12. Sílvia Gonçalves & Ulrich Hounyo & Nour Meddahi, 2014. "Bootstrap Inference for Pre-averaged Realized Volatility based on Nonoverlapping Returns," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 12(4), pages 679-707.
    13. Dong, Yingjie & Tse, Yiu-Kuen, 2017. "On estimating market microstructure noise variance," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 59-62.
    14. repec:eee:econom:v:201:y:2017:i:1:p:127-143 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Ulrich Hounyo, 2014. "Bootstrapping integrated covariance matrix estimators in noisy jump-diffusion models with non-synchronous trading," CREATES Research Papers 2014-35, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    16. Jondeau, Eric & Lahaye, Jérôme & Rockinger, Michael, 2015. "Estimating the price impact of trades in a high-frequency microstructure model with jumps," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S2), pages 205-224.
    17. Victor Bello Accioly & Beatriz Vaz de Melo Mendes, 2016. "Assessing the Impact of the Realized Range on the (E)GARCH Volatility: Evidence from Brazil," Brazilian Business Review, Fucape Business School, vol. 13(2), pages 1-26, March.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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