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Welfare Analysis of Tax Reforms Using Household Data


  • Mervyn A. King


The paper discusses a methodology for calculating the distribution of gains and losses from a policy change using data for a large sample of households. Estimates are based on the equivalent income function, which is money metric utility defined over observable variables. This enables calculations to be standardised, and a computer program to compute the statistics presented in the paper is available for a general demand system. Equivalent income is related to measures of deadweight loss, and standard errors are computed for each of the welfare measures. An application to UK data for 5895 households is given which simulates a reform that involves eliminating housing subsidies.

Suggested Citation

  • Mervyn A. King, 1981. "Welfare Analysis of Tax Reforms Using Household Data," NBER Technical Working Papers 0016, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberte:0016 Note: PE

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1973. "Regression Analysis when the Dependent Variable is Truncated Normal," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(6), pages 997-1016, November.
    2. White, Halbert, 1980. "Nonlinear Regression on Cross-Section Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 721-746, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Joel Slemrod, 1984. "A General Equilibrium Model of Taxation That Uses Micro-Unit Data: Withan Application to the Impact of Instituting a Flat-Rate Income Tax," NBER Working Papers 1461, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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