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Un statut d'emploi pour un enjeu social - La professionnalisation des assistantes maternelles


  • Marie-Agnès Barrère-Maurisson

    () (MATISSE)

  • Séverine Lemière

    () (MATISSE)


Within the redeployment of Welfare state regime started for several years, some activities have tended to professionalize, thus generating employment and social protection. The situation of the maternal assistants seems symptomatic of this phenomenon. Indeed, the maternal assistants symbolize the recognition in professional skills of activities associated a long time with the domestic and family activities carried out within the family sphere. The current bill concerns nearly 300.000 people who could thus claim with a true professional status of employment. This job is central in the articulation between working and family life. True «agents of conciliation» for many active mothers, the maternal assistants are often themselves mothers and active, their relation of employment being in the core of the articulation. The parents articulate by their intermediary their family and professional life, employ and manage the employment relation with these maternal assistants, and constitute a specific of employers, the «parent-employers». The specific characteristics of this relation of employment are analyzed here, as well as the conditions of the professionalizing process. But beyond the institutional will, some ambiguities remain, in particular about the recognition of competences. The difficulty of creating a real social consensus undoubtedly holding with the particular nature of employment but also with the interests of the involved parts : assistants, parent-employers and the State. And beyond the introduction of an employment status, a real social stake seems to be played through the articulation of the employment policies and the family policies, and the continuation of multiple goals. In particular, the bill can be seem like the participation of the State in the «management of the parenthood», within the institutionalization of procedures aiming at a better conciliation between the professional life and the family life of the workers.

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  • Marie-Agnès Barrère-Maurisson & Séverine Lemière, 2004. "Un statut d'emploi pour un enjeu social - La professionnalisation des assistantes maternelles," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r04108, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:wpsorb:r04108

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Work/Family; professionalizing process; care policies; women.;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy


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