Second-best Random Redistribution
Random taxation may be optimal when the taxpayers differ in their attitudes towards risk, so that tax randomization enables the government to relax the incentive constraints. The paper provides a necessary and sufficient condition for local random deviations to be welfare improving in a neighborhood of a nonrandom optimum. It also derives conditions satisfied by a global random optimum. A full analytical derivation is given for a two goods two agents economy with isoelastic utilities.
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