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Is Monthly US Natural Gas Consumption Stationary? New Evidence from a GARCH Unit Root Test with Structural Breaks

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  • Vinod Mishra
  • Russell Smyth

Abstract

We apply a recently developed unit root test that simultaneously accounts for heteroskedasticity and structural breaks to United States monthly natural gas consumption. We find that United States monthly natural gas consumption is stationary. Our results illustrate the importance of accounting for heteroskedasticity when testing for a unit root in energy consumption with higher frequency data.

Suggested Citation

  • Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2014. "Is Monthly US Natural Gas Consumption Stationary? New Evidence from a GARCH Unit Root Test with Structural Breaks," Monash Economics Working Papers 09-14, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2014-09
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Smyth, Russell & Narayan, Paresh Kumar, 2015. "Applied econometrics and implications for energy economics research," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 351-358.
    2. Narayan, Paresh Kumar & Liu, Ruipeng, 2015. "A unit root model for trending time-series energy variables," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 391-402.
    3. Afees A. Salisu & Umar B. Ndako & Tirimisiyu F. Oloko & Lateef O. Akanni, 2016. "Unit root modeling for trending stock market series," Borsa Istanbul Review, Research and Business Development Department, Borsa Istanbul, vol. 16(2), pages 82-91, June.
    4. Auer, Benjamin R., 2016. "How does Germany's green energy policy affect electricity market volatility? An application of conditional autoregressive range models," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 621-628.
    5. Carmona, Mónica & Congregado, Emilio & Feria, Julia & Iglesias, Jesús, 2017. "The energy-growth nexus reconsidered: Persistence and causality," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 342-347.
    6. Mishra, Vinod & Smyth, Russell, 2016. "Are natural gas spot and futures prices predictable?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 178-186.
    7. Hooi Hooi Lean & Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2016. "Conditional convergence in US disaggregated petroleum consumption at the sector level," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(32), pages 3049-3061, July.
    8. Javid, Muhammad & Sharif, Fatima, 2016. "Environmental Kuznets curve and financial development in Pakistan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 406-414.
    9. Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2014. "Unit root properties of natural gas spot and futures prices: The relevance of heteroskedasticity in high frequency data," Monash Economics Working Papers 20-14, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    10. Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Albulescu, Claudiu Tiberiu, 2016. "Renewable-to-total electricity consumption ratio: Estimating the permanent or transitory fluctuations based on flexible Fourier stationarity and unit root tests," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1409-1427.
    11. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-589 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Paresh Narayan & Russell Smyth, 2014. "Applied Econometrics and a Decade of Energy Economics Research," Monash Economics Working Papers 21-14, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    13. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Khraief, Naceur & Mahalik, Mantu Kumar & Zaman, Khair Uz, 2014. "Are fluctuations in natural gas consumption per capita transitory? Evidence from time series and panel unit root tests," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 183-195.
    14. Salisu, Afees A. & Adeleke, Adegoke I., 2016. "Further application of Narayan and Liu (2015) unit root model for trending time series," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 305-314.
    15. De Vita, Glauco & Trachanas, Emmanouil, 2016. "‘Nonlinear causality between crude oil price and exchange rate: A comparative study of China and India’ — A failed replication (negative Type 1 and Type 2)," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 150-160.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Natural gas; unit root; heteroskedasticity;

    JEL classification:

    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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