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Expanding social inclusion in community sports organizations: evidence from rural Australian Football clubs


  • Lionel Frost
  • Margaret Lightbody
  • Abdel Halabi


Australian Football clubs have traditionally been seen as contributing social benefits to the rural communities in which they are embedded. Declining numbers of participants, both players and volunteers, suggest that this role may not be as strong today. Critical explorations of the extent to which football has driven social inclusion and exclusion in such environments emphasise a historic ‘masculine’ culture of drinking and violence that segregates and marginalises women and children. Less is known about the contemporary strategic efforts of clubs to use social capital to support their activities, and whether the resources they generate have positive impacts on social inclusion in the wider community. We use evidence from the Parliament of Victoria’s Inquiry into Country Football (2004) to explore the current focus of rural Australian Football clubs regarding social inclusion, in the light of changes occurring in society in general and in rural towns in particular in the 21st century.

Suggested Citation

  • Lionel Frost & Margaret Lightbody & Abdel Halabi, 2013. "Expanding social inclusion in community sports organizations: evidence from rural Australian Football clubs," Monash Economics Working Papers 31-13, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2013-31

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    Cited by:

    1. MUSSO Fabio & RICHELIEU Andre & FRANCIONI Barbara, 2016. "The Management Of Small Sport Clubs Musso," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 68(5), pages 121-138, December.
    2. Cabane Charlotte & Lechner Michael, 2015. "Physical Activity of Adults: A Survey of Correlates, Determinants, and Effects," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 235(4-5), pages 376-402, August.

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