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Inégalité intra-ménage et genre au Burkina Faso : un test économétrique



Based on the estimate of demand functions for adult goods and the evaluation of outlay equivalents, the present study suggests that, contrary to what is sometimes asserted, the hypothesis of a gender bias within the household - so that girls receive less than boys - seems more probable in Africa. Indeed, using the data from the 1994_95 household survey of the Burkina Faso, it is found that, for the whole of the goods consumed by the adults and whatever the demographic group considered, the equivalence ratios are largely more negative than those of the women. In this respect, disrimination is probably the most obvious story, considering of the differential of schooling according to the gender, the greatest precariousness of female labour market and the organisation of the burkinabè social system. Nevertheless, this aggregateed conclusion must be moderate. First of all, although the intrahousehold inequality can prevail independently of the sector, it couldbe more accentuated in countryside that in cities. Then, the analysis tends to show the presence of a gender bias in favor of boys, especially in northern regions and the West, and in a lesser extent, to Ouagadougou and Bobo_Dioulasso, zones that precisely shelter the most important proportions of Moslem population. Lastly, the observation of outlay equivalents shows that girls get less than boys in groups managed by the men. This phenomenon could be explained by the role of the head of household at the time of the decision-making, the demographic composition of female households favorable to the women and the role of old women whose proportion is important within the latter. Such results encourage to relativize the identification of the well_being of the individuals on the average standard of living of the household to which they belong, and could weaken the efficiency of poverty alleviation policies, based on the effective increase in the resources of the poorest households, independently of the intrahousehold allocation of resources. (Full text in French)

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  • Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1998. "Inégalité intra-ménage et genre au Burkina Faso : un test économétrique," Documents de travail 27, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:27

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bergmann, Barbara R, 1971. "The Effect on White Incomes of Discrimination in Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(2), pages 294-313, March-Apr.
    2. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    3. Kenneth Arrow, 1971. "The Theory of Discrimination," Working Papers 403, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    4. Piore, Michael J, 1973. "Fragments of a "Sociological" Theory of Wages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(2), pages 377-384, May.
    5. Debra A. Barbezat, 1987. "Salary Differentials by Sex in the Academic Labor Market," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(3), pages 422-428.
    6. J.E. Roemer & John Roemer, 1978. "Differentially Exploited Labor: A Marxian Theory of Discrimination," Review of Radical Political Economics, Union for Radical Political Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 43-53, July.
    7. Cotton, Jeremiah, 1988. "On the Decomposition of Wage Differentials," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 236-243, May.
    8. Reimers, Cordelia W, 1983. "Labor Market Discrimination against Hispanic and Black Men," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(4), pages 570-579, November.
    9. David Neumark, 1988. "Employers' Discriminatory Behavior and the Estimation of Wage Discrimination," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(3), pages 279-295.
    10. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
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    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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