IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/mon/ceddtr/107.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Controverses autour de la courbe environnementale de Kuznets

Author

Listed:
  • André Meunié

    () (GED, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

La multiplication des dégradations écologiques est à l'origine d'un renouvellement profond des débats sur les liens qu'entretiennent croissance et développement. Au début des années 1990, plusieurs études empiriques ont constaté l'existence d'une courbe en cloche entre divers indices de pollution et le niveau de revenu par tête. Ces auteurs lui attribuèrent le nom de « courbe environnementale de Kuznets » à cause de la similitude avec les résultats des travaux de ce dernier. Au-delà d'un certain niveau de richesse, la croissance économique s'accompagnerait d'une amélioration de l'état de l'environnement. Une stratégie économique soutenable consisterait alors à atteindre dans les meilleurs délais ce seuil pour ensuite continuer à s'enrichir « proprement ». Cependant, non seulement cette courbe n'est décelée que pour quelques polluants aux effets localisés, mais même dans ce cas, de nombreuses critiques méthodologiques fragilisent la portée de ces résultats. Il est donc abusif de vouloir en faire un fait stylisé du développement et d'autres voies de recherche doivent être explorées. The growing consciousness about environmental problem has renovated deeply the debate on the relations between economic growth and development. At the beginning of the 1990's, some empirical studies have brought to light the existence of an inverted U-shape relation between various environmental indicators and the level of income per capita. This phenomenon has been called the « environmental Kuznets curve » because of the similarity with the findings of this author about the links between social inequalities and per capita income. When a country is rich enough, the environmental damages begin to decline with income growth. So a sustainable strategy of development could be to reach this « turning point » as fast as possible. However, those results are extremely fragile. It seems that we can support the EKC hypothesis only for few pollutants with local impacts. But, even in this case, we will explain that a lot of methodology criticisms arise. In no way the EKC can be thought as a stylised fact of the development and other directions must be explore. (Full text in french)

Suggested Citation

  • André Meunié, 2004. "Controverses autour de la courbe environnementale de Kuznets," Documents de travail 107, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:107
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ged.u-bordeaux4.fr/ceddt107.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Télé propagande : la terre vue du ciel de l’écologie
      by Jean Dubois in Tanstaafl-fr on 2007-07-06 16:46:00

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Iritie, Jean-Jacques, 2015. "Economic Growth, Biodiversity and Conservation Policies in Africa: an Overview," MPRA Paper 62005, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jérôme Trotignon, 2012. "Les émissions de CO2 du Brésil - L'impact du secteur UTCATF (usage des terres, changement d'affectation des terres et foresterie)," Working Papers halshs-00746524, HAL.
    3. André MEUNIE (GREThA) & Guillaume POUYANNE (GREThA), 2007. "Is there an Environmental Urban Kuznets Curve? The case of polluting emissions due to daily mobility in 37 cities. (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2007-04, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    4. Jérôme Trotignon, 2012. "Les émissions de CO2 du Brésil- L’impact du secteur UTCATF (usage des terres, changement d’affectation des terres et foresterie)," Working Papers 1232, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:107. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.