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Pauvreté et inégalités des conditions de vie au Cameroun: une approche micro multidimensionnelle

Author

Listed:
  • Borel Anicet Foko Tagne
  • Francis Ndém
  • Rosine Tchakoté

Abstract

Cette étude dresse un profil de pauvreté multidimensionnelle non monétaire au Cameroun et en teste la concordance avec le profil de pauvreté monétaire disponible. Elle est structurée autour d’un indicateur composite qui rend compte de la diversité des conditions de vie des ménages au Cameroun. La pertinence économique et empirique de cet indicateur est d’abord discutée, avant sa construction par une analyse factorielle multiple. La pauvreté des conditions de vie se traduit par l’exclusion des ménages de la consommation de certaines commodités de base, du fait de leur indisponibilité ou leur faible accessibilité. Elle est plus marquée que la pauvreté monétaire, positivement mais imparfaitement corrélée à cette dernière et tend à mieux rendre compte de l’état de pauvreté des ménages tel qu’ils le perçoivent. En outre, les conditions de vie sont plus inégalitaires dans des contextes de forte pauvreté – par exemple en milieu rural – alors que la distribution des revenus est plus inégalitaire dans des contextes où le niveau de pauvreté est faible – par exemple en milieu urbain. Ces résultats appellent des stratégies mixtes de lutte, particulièrement ciblées selon le cycle de vie des individus, la zone agro écologique et le groupe socioéconomique.

Suggested Citation

  • Borel Anicet Foko Tagne & Francis Ndém & Rosine Tchakoté, 2007. "Pauvreté et inégalités des conditions de vie au Cameroun: une approche micro multidimensionnelle," Working Papers PMMA 2007-02, PEP-PMMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Ningaye & Yemedjeu Tiomela & Virginie Takoutio Feudjio, 2011. "Multi-Poverty in Cameroon: a Dimensional Scores Approach. Multi-pauvreté au Cameroun: Approche par les scores dimensionnels," Working Papers PMMA 2011-01, PEP-PMMA.
    2. Konde, Konde, 2016. "Analyse de la pauvreté multidimensionnelle en République Démocratique du Congo : une approche non monétaire par les capabilités
      [Analysis of multidimensional poverty in Democratic Republic of Congo
      ," MPRA Paper 74993, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Justin Bem & Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum & Tatiana Morel Samo Tcheeko & Jacksone Essoh, 2013. "Efficience de production du secteur informel non-agricole et réduction de la pauvreté au Cameroun," Working Papers PMMA 2013-06, PEP-PMMA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pauvreté multidimensionnelle; indicateur composite de pauvreté; analyse factorielle multiple; inégalités; besoins de bases; pauvreté monétaire; dominance; Cameroun;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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