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Family Firms, Corporate Governance and Export

Author

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  • Raoul Minetti

    (Michigan State University)

  • Pierluigi Murro

    (LUMSA University)

  • Susan Chun Zhu

    (Michigan State University)

Abstract

This paper tests the impact of family ownership on fi rms' export decisions using a data set of 20,000 Italian manufacturers. We fi nd that family ownership increases the probability that fi rms export, although the effect weakens as ownership concentration rises. The bene fit of family owners is especially pronounced when they retain control rights (ownership is aligned with control) and seek the support of external managers (ownership is partially separated from management). The results suggest that families better internalize the long-run benefi ts of internationalization, but that their limited competencies could attenuate this benefi t in high-tech industries and in remote and unfamiliar export markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Raoul Minetti & Pierluigi Murro & Susan Chun Zhu, 2014. "Family Firms, Corporate Governance and Export," CERBE Working Papers wpC03, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lsa:wpaper:wpc03
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    Cited by:

    1. Xueru Yang & Jun Li & Laura J. Stanley & Franz W. Kellermanns & Xinchun Li, 2020. "How family firm characteristics affect internationalization of Chinese family SMEs," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 37(2), pages 417-448, June.
    2. Pierluigi Murro & Valentina Peruzzi, 2018. "Cooperative banks and income inequality: Evidence from Italian provinces," Working Papers CASMEF 1804, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
    3. Marco Cucculelli & Yu Sun & Yi Zhu, 2020. "Internationalization and family ownership. Does the life-cycle of destination markets matter?," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 159, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    4. Minetti, Raoul & Murro, Pierluigi & Peruzzi, Valentina, 2019. "One size does not fit all. Cooperative banking and income inequality," Working Papers 2019-10, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
    5. Ferri, Giovanni & Minetti, Raoul & Murro, Pierluigi, 2019. "Credit Relationships in the great trade collapse. Micro evidence from Europe," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 40(C).
    6. James R. Hines & Niklas Potrafke & Marina Riem & Christoph Schinke, 2019. "Inter vivos transfers of ownership in family firms," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 26(2), pages 225-256, April.
    7. Maria Luisa Mancusi & Andrea Vezzulli & Serena Frazzoni & Zeno Rotondi & Maurizio Sobrero, 2018. "Export and Innovation in Small and Medium Enterprises: The Role of Concentrated Bank Borrowing," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 85(337), pages 177-204, January.
    8. Jean-Luc Arregle & Francesco Chirico & Liena Kano & Sumit K. Kundu & Antonio Majocchi & William S. Schulze, 2021. "Family firm internationalization: Past research and an agenda for the future," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 52(6), pages 1159-1198, August.
    9. Mikel Alayo & Txomin Iturralde & Amaia Maseda & Gloria Aparicio, 0. "Mapping family firm internationalization research: bibliometric and literature review," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-44.
    10. Francesca Bartoli & Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro & Zeno Rotondi, 2014. "Bank support and export: evidence from small Italian firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 245-264, February.
    11. Mikel Alayo & Txomin Iturralde & Amaia Maseda & Gloria Aparicio, 2021. "Mapping family firm internationalization research: bibliometric and literature review," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 15(6), pages 1517-1560, August.
    12. Bose, Udichibarna & Mallick, Sushanta & Tsoukas, Serafeim, 2020. "Does easing access to foreign financing matter for firm performance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    13. Ferri, Giovanni & Murro, Pierluigi & Pini, Marco, 2020. "Credit rationing and the relationship between family businesses and banks in Italy," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 43(C).
    14. Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro, 2016. "A Credit Crunch Behind the Great Trade Collapse? Micro Evidence From Europe," CERBE Working Papers wpC10, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    15. Martin R.W. Hiebl & Zhen Li, 2020. "Non-family managers in family firms: review, integrative framework and future research agenda," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 763-807, August.
    16. Raoul Minetti & Pierluigi Murro & Valentina Peruzzi, 2021. "Not All Banks Are Equal: Cooperative Banking And Income Inequality," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 59(1), pages 420-440, January.
    17. Gottschalk, Sandra & Egeln, Jürgen & Kinne, Jan & Hauer, Annegret & Keese, Detlef & Oehme, Marie, 2017. "Die volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Familienunternehmen," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research, number 162724, October.
    18. Murro, Pierluigi & Peruzzi, Valentina, 2019. "Family firms and access to credit. Is family ownership beneficial?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 173-187.
    19. Kotorri Mrika & Krasniqi Besnik A., 2018. "Managerial Characteristics and Export Performance – Empirical Evidence from Kosovo," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 13(2), pages 32-48, December.
    20. Cornelius Hafner, 2021. "Diversification in family firms: a systematic review of product and international diversification strategies," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 529-572, April.
    21. Paul Lavery & Jose-Maria Serena & Marina-Eliza Spaliara & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2021. "Private equity buyouts, credit constraints, and firm exports," Working Papers 2021_06, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Family firms; Export; Corporate governance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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