IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Schattenwirtschaft und Arbeitsplatzschaffung


  • Joachim Merz

    () (LEUPHANA University Lüneburg,Department of Economic, Behaviour and Law Sciences, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)))


It is the aim of this study to discuss 'the shadow economy and job creation' based on empirical results. After the discussion of the topic in the economy, social policy and society, the following empirical discussion and the empirical foundation are asking for a clear and distinct and given definition of the shadow economy. Then arguments to the sources and positive and negative effects of the shadow economy on job creation are gathered. Empirical results on the macro and micro level describe the quantitative importance of the shadow economy in illegal illicit (black) work and legal household production. Important research results then are discussed based on a representative individual survey, the Sfb3-Secondary Occupation Survey. They encompass size and importance of the shadow economy within market and non-market activities of private households, socio-economic factors for explanation, and an impact analysis on black work and household production (Do-it-yourself) of a public policy, the 1990 German tax reform. With the background of the presented theoretical end empirical discussion and macro and micro results finally conclusions are drawn for the shadow economy and job creation: a reduction of the shadow economy will not create new jobs per se. Altogether, the positive effects of the shadow economy in black work and household production on job creation are dominant.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Merz, 1996. "Schattenwirtschaft und Arbeitsplatzschaffung," FFB-Discussionpaper 17, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)), LEUPHANA University Lüneburg.
  • Handle: RePEc:leu:wpaper:17

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 1996
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item


    Shadow economy and (new) jobs; micro- and macroanalyses on illicit (black) work and household production; do-it-yourself; microsimulation: the German 1990 Tax Reform and individual impacts on the informal and formal economy;

    JEL classification:

    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:leu:wpaper:17. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Merz). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.