Use of Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods to Estimate EQ-5D Utility Scores from Eortic QLQ Data in Myeloma for Use in Cost effectiveness Analysis
Background: Patient Reported Outcome Measures are an important component of the evidence for health technology appraisal. Their incorporation into cost effectiveness analyses (CEA) requires conversion of descriptive information into utilities. This can be done using bespoke utility algorithms. Otherwise, investigators will often estimate indirect utility models for the PROMS using off-the-shelf utility data such as the EQ-5D or SF-6D. Many different modeling strategies are reported in the literature; however, to date there has been limited utilization of Bayesian methods in this context. In this paper we use a large trial dataset containing the EORTC QLQ-C30 with MY20 and the EQ-5D to examine the relative advantage of the Bayesian methods in relation to dealing with missing data, relaxing the assumption of equal variances and characterizing the uncertainty in the model predictions. Methods: Data from a large myeloma trial were used to examine the relationship between scores in each of the 19 domains of the EORTC QLQ-C30/QLQ-MY20 and the EQ-5D utility. Data from 1839 patients was divided 75%/25% between derivation and validation sets. A conventional OLS model, assuming equal variance and a Bayesian model allowing unequal variance were estimated on complete cases. Two further models were estimated using conventional and Bayesian multiple imputation respectively, using the full dataset. Models were compared in terms of data fit, accuracy in model prediction and characterization of uncertainty in model predictions. Conclusions: Mean EQ-5D utility weights can be estimated from the EORTC QLQ-C30/QLQMY20 for use in CEA. Frequentist and Bayesian methods produced effectively identical models. However, the Bayesian models provide distributions describing the uncertainty surrounding the estimated utility values and are thus more suited informing analyses for probabilistic CEA.
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- Christopher McCabe & Richard Edlin & David Meads & Chantelle Brown & Samer Kharroubi, 2013. "Constructing Indirect Utility Models: Some Observations on the Principles and Practice of Mapping to Obtain Health State Utilities," PharmacoEconomics, Springer, vol. 31(8), pages 635-641, August.
- Tsuchiya, A & Brazier, J & McColl, E & Parkin, D, 2002. "Deriving preference-based single indices from non-preference based condition-specific instruments: converting AQLQ into EQ5D indices," MPRA Paper 29740, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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