Flexibility Versus Hiring Costs: The Demand for Part-time Labor
For the last decade, part-time studies have mainly focused on supply side effects. We focus in this paper on the demand side effects. On the one hand, to be more flexible, firms hire part-time workers so that production is always as close as possible to the demand. On the other hand, to decrease their hiring costs, firms prefer to hire full-time workers. We introduce these part-time work characteristics within an on-the-job equilibrium search model framework. The firm's wage choices are the result of a trade-off between its production level (which depend on his size), its wage costs and the costs of hiring part- and full-time employees. Workers receive two kinds of labor contracts: one corresponding to full-time jobs, and the other one to part-time jobs. Utility as a function of wages and the number of weekly worked hours is the criteria workers consider when accepting or rejecting job offers. In this paper, we prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium, in which all firms hire both part- and full-time workers. We can thus compare different equilibria related with different full-time work week. The share of part-time workers depends on which of two economic effects is dominant: relative wage costs in one case, and production reorganization effects in the other case.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2000|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: INRA-LEA, 48, Boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris, France|
Phone: 331 43136364
Fax: 331 43136362
Web page: http://www.inra.fr/Internet/Departements/ESR/UR/lea/index.html
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0101. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Madeleine Roux)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.