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Production Structure, Household Time Allocation, and Fertility

Author

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  • Masako Kimura

    () (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University)

  • Daishin Yasui

    () (Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University)

Abstract

This paper develops an overlapping generations model that incorporates two-sector (market and non-market) production, sexual difference, and fertility choice. Our model could explain the joint evolution of production structure, household time allocation, and fertility broadly observed in the 19th and 20th centuries in the Western world as part of a single process of economic development: (i) production has shifted out of households and into the market, (ii) males first increased their labor supply to the market, and then females increased it; married-female participation in wage work outside the home dramatically increased in the latter half of the 20th century, and (iii) there has been the secular decline in fertility over the last 200 years, but there was the temporary rise in the middle of the 20th century (inverted N-shaped fertility dynamics). We also provide the quantitative analysis and examine how well our model replicates the patterns observed in U.S. data.

Suggested Citation

  • Masako Kimura & Daishin Yasui, 2009. "Production Structure, Household Time Allocation, and Fertility," KIER Working Papers 684, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:684
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    File URL: http://www.kier.kyoto-u.ac.jp/DP/DP684.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fertility; Overlapping generations model; Structural change; Gender gap;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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