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A Mixed Industrial Structure Magnifies the Importance of Menu Costs

Author

Listed:
  • Huw David Dixon

    (York University)

  • Claus Thustrup Hansen

    (University of Copenhagen Institute of Economics)

Abstract

New Keynesian literature assumes symmetric industrial structure when analysing explanations of money non-neutrality. This paper analyses the impact of modifying this assumption by allowing for a mixed industrial structure; some industries are characterized by monopolistic competition, others by perfect competition. The mixed industrial structure implies misallocation of labour between the different industries which may contribute to explanations of non-neutrality of money. Following a 5% money increase, the menu costs needed for non-neutrality may be 40 times smaller and ratio of welfare gain over private loss more than 100 times larger than in the corresponding model with a symmetric structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Huw David Dixon & Claus Thustrup Hansen, 1997. "A Mixed Industrial Structure Magnifies the Importance of Menu Costs," Discussion Papers 97-11, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:9711
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2921(98)00029-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1985. "Small Menu Costs and Large Business Cycles: A Macroeconomic Model of Monopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(2), pages 529-538.
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    6. Julio J. Rotemberg & Lawrence H. Summers, 1990. "Inflexible Prices and Procyclical Productivity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(4), pages 851-874.
    7. Laurence Ball & David Romer, 1990. "Real Rigidities and the Non-Neutrality of Money," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(2), pages 183-203.
    8. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 647-666, September.
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    12. Carlton, Dennis W, 1986. "The Rigidity of Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 637-658, September.
    13. Dixon, Huw David, 1994. "Macroeconomic Price and Quantity Responses with Heterogeneous Product Markets," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(3), pages 385-402, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Quirion & Meriem Hamdi-Cherif, 2007. "General equilibrium impact of an energy-saving policy in the public sector," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 38(2), pages 245-258, October.
    2. Huw David Dixon & Claus Thustrup Hansen & Henrik J. Kleven, "undated". "Dual Labour Markets and Menu Costs: Explaining the Cyclicality of Productivity and Wage Differentials," EPRU Working Paper Series 99-13, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    3. Thomas Lubik, 2003. "Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy," Economics Working Paper Archive 493, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
    4. Claus Thustrup Kreiner, 2002. "Do the New Keynesian Microfoundations Rationalise Stabilisation Policy?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 384-401, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    New Keynesian economics; industrial structure;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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