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Macroeconomic Policy and the External Constraint: The Danish Experience

Author

Listed:
  • Søren Bo Nielsen

    (Institute of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Jørgen Søndergaard

    (Danish Economic Council)

Abstract

This paper considers the relation between the external balance and economic policy formation in the context of the Danish economy during the last three decades. The main lines of macroeconomic development, the structure of the economy and economic policy in this period are expounded, and the question of how Denmark arrived at its present foreign debt to GDP ratio of close to 40 persent is posed. Finally, the nature of the external constraint on the Danish economy is addressed. A tentative conclusion is that a significant part of Danish foreign debt could be a reflection of the structure of tax and expenditure policy and demographics; still, current account deficits may cause concern to the extent that they arise from e.g. tax distortions - or for intergenerational distributional reasons.

Suggested Citation

  • Søren Bo Nielsen & Jørgen Søndergaard, 1990. "Macroeconomic Policy and the External Constraint: The Danish Experience," Discussion Papers 90-15, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:9015
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sen, Partha & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 1990. "Investment tax credit in an open economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 277-299.
    2. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "Intertemporal Substitution in Consumption," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(2), pages 339-357, April.
    3. Anne C. Sibert, 1985. "Capital Accumulation and Foreign Investment Taxation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(2), pages 331-345.
    4. Gordon, Roger H, 1986. "Taxation of Investment and Savings in a World Economy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 1086-1102, December.
    5. Mutti, John & Grubert, Harry, 1985. "The taxation of capital income in an open economy: the importance of resident-nonresident tax treatment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 291-309, August.
    6. Bovenberg, A.L., 1986. "Capital income taxation in growing open economies," Other publications TiSEM d92d32f6-df9f-418b-bbd3-d, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    7. Lawrence H. Goulder & John B. Shoven & John Whalley, 1983. "Domestic Tax Policy and the Foreign Sector: The Importance of Alternative Foreign Sector Formulations to Results from a General Equilibrium Tax Analysis Model," NBER Chapters,in: Behavioral Simulation Methods in Tax Policy Analysis, pages 333-368 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Keuschnigg, Christian, 1994. "Dynamic tax incidence and intergenerationally neutral reform," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 343-366, February.
    9. Bovenberg, A. Lans, 1986. "Capital income taxation in growing open economies," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 347-376, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    domestic monetary theory; balance of payments and adjustment mechanisms; private international lending; Denmark;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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