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Is the Japanese Distribution System Becoming More Accessible to Foreign Firms?


  • Ralf bebenroth

    (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)

  • Nir Kshetri

    (The University of North Carolina-Greensboro, USA)

  • Reinhard Hunerberg

    (University of Kassel)


Complexities in the Japanese distribution system are well-publicized. An emerging body of literature has documented recent changes in the Japanese distribution system. In this paper, it is examined whether foreign firms' accessibility to the Japanese distribution system has changed in a favorable direction in recent years. Furthermore, as foreign firms vary widely in terms of institutional barriers and complexity they face in the Japanese market, the authors also investigate the determinants of inter-firm heterogeneity in their assessment of the Japanese distribution system.

Suggested Citation

  • Ralf bebenroth & Nir Kshetri & Reinhard Hunerberg, 2009. "Is the Japanese Distribution System Becoming More Accessible to Foreign Firms?," Discussion Paper Series 242, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:242

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    Japan; Distribution system; Institutional inertia; Business networks;

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