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The Permanent Effect of Domestic Income on the Growth of Governments


  • Gabriella Legrenzi

    () (Keele University, Centre for Economic Research and School of Economic and Management Studies)


We empirically model the growth of the Italian government on a long historical dataset, starting from the country's unification. Our findings point to the existence of a long-run equilibrium relationship between gross domestic product and government spending, that is robust to different specifications of the government growth equation and to different levels of government. The estimated income elasticities of government spending present a clear pattern of growth and decline, suggesting the existence of possible cycles in the growth of government. The estimated speed of adjustment of government spending is rather slow, especially in the case of local expenditure, pointing to administrative rigidities.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriella Legrenzi, 2006. "The Permanent Effect of Domestic Income on the Growth of Governments," Keele Economics Research Papers KERP 2006/19, Centre for Economic Research, Keele University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kee:kerpuk:2006/19 Note: I would like to thank for useful suggestions and remarks the participants at the International Conference on Policy Modelling for European and Global Issues, taking place in Brussels, and the New Economic Windows conference, taking place at the University of Salerno. Any remaining errors are mine.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Yuan Ju & Peter Borm & Pieter Ruys, 2007. "The consensus value: a new solution concept for cooperative games," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 28(4), pages 685-703, June.
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    6. Varian, Hal R, 1994. "A Solution to the Problem of Externalities When Agents Are Well-Informed," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(5), pages 1278-1293, December.
    7. Inés Macho-Stadler & David Pérez-Castrillo & David Wettstein, 2004. "Sharing the surplus: A just and efficient proposal for environments with externalities," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 611.04, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
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    Cited by:

    1. Béchir Bouzid, 2010. "Titrisation des emprunts hypothécaires et bulle immobilière aux États-Unis : les origines d’une débâcle," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 97(2), pages 101-142.

    More about this item


    Wagner's law; cointegration; general government expenditure; local expenditure; persistence profile;

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation

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