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Biodiversity, International Tourism and development


  • Andreas Freytag

    () (University of Jena, School of Busniess and Economics)

  • Christoph Vietze

    () (University of Jena, School of Busniess and Economics)


We analyze whether biodiversity is increasing the receipts of tourism and beneficial for Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The underlying assumption is that a rich biodiversity provides a comparative advantage for most LDCs. We use a simple trade theory framework. The model is supported by an empirical analysis. The main findings are that first LDCs seem to have a comparative advantage in (sustainable) tourism, that second incidence of birds as the probably best explored taxonomic group has a positive impact on inbound tourism receipts per capita, and that third the rate of endangered to total birds is negatively influencing tourism receipts.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Freytag & Christoph Vietze, 2007. "Biodiversity, International Tourism and development," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-012, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2007-012

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Andreas Freytag & Christoph Vietze, 2013. "Can nature promote development? The role of sustainable tourism for economic growth," Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 16-44, March.
    2. Teelucksingh, Sonja S. & Watson, Patrick K., 2013. "Linking tourism flows and biological biodiversity in Small Island Developing States (SIDS): evidence from panel data," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(04), pages 392-404, August.

    More about this item


    tourism; economic growth; biodiversity conservation;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources

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