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Japan’s Experience with Human Resources for Health Policies


  • Kodera, Kiyoshi
  • Ishii, Yojiro
  • Aoki, Tsunenori
  • Ashida, Tetsuyya
  • Abe, Chiharu


This report mainly reviews the years from 1945 to 1980. According to the historical statistics of per capita GDP in 1990 International Geary Khamis dollars by Angus Maddison, Japan‟s economy expanded ten times from $1,300 to $13,000 during this period. This change corresponds to a shift from a low to an upper middle income country in the world today. The values of per capita GDP of 2008 in the same statistics are $1,000 or below in Somalia, Afghanistan and Haiti; $1,000 to $2,000 in Sudan, Laos and Nicaragua; $2,000 to $3,000 in Mozambique, Vietnam and Bolivia; $3,000 to $4,000 in Egypt, Myanmar and Ecuador; $4,000 to $5,000 in South Africa, Indonesia and Guatemala; $5,000 to $10,000 in Turkey, Thailand, China and Brazil; and $10,000 to $13,000 in Malaysia and Argentina.2 This report focuses on Japan‟s policy experience in the said period to draw some lessons for developing countries in respective stages corresponding to those of economic growth in Japan, although their social situation and level ofavailable current technologies are different from those of Japan at respective periods in the past.

Suggested Citation

  • Kodera, Kiyoshi & Ishii, Yojiro & Aoki, Tsunenori & Ashida, Tetsuyya & Abe, Chiharu, 2013. "Japan’s Experience with Human Resources for Health Policies," Working Papers 1003, JICA Research Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:jic:wpaper:1003

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    universal health coverage ; Africa ; Human Resources for Health ; Japan's HRH policies;

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