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Volkswirtschaftliche Aspekte der Open-Source-Softwareentwicklung

Author

Listed:
  • Markus Pasche

    () (University of Jena, Faculty of Economics)

  • Sebastian von Engelhardt

    () (University of Jena, Faculty of Economics)

Abstract

Das Papier charakterisiert die spezifischen Eigenschaften des Gutes Software. Als Alternative zur Bereitstellung von Software über Märkte werden die Charakteristika der "freien" Open-Source-Softwareentwicklung dargestellt, bei der die Entwickler auf eine unmittelbare kommerzielle Verwertung ihrer erstellten Leistung verzichten und den Quellcode öffentlich zugänglich machen. Der Schwerpunkt liegt dabei weniger auf einer ökonomischen Begründung solcher freiwilligen Beiträge zu einem Softwareprojekt, sondern auf den volkswirtschaftlichen Effizienzwirkungen dieser Produktionsweise. Zentrale Bedeutung wird den Aspekten der Humankapitalbildung und -allokation, der Rolle der Wissensakkumulation und der positiven Spillovereffekte von Wissen, sowie der Wirkung auf die Wettbewerbsintensität im kommerziellen Softwaresektor beigemessen. Ferner wird diskutiert, inwiefern das Open-Source-Modell gegenüber der Bereitstellung über den Markt Defizite bei der Durchsetzung von Konsumentenpräferenzen aufweist. Das Papier ist gleichzeitig ein kritischer Kommentar zur Open-Source-Software-Studie von Kalwey u.a. (2003).

Suggested Citation

  • Markus Pasche & Sebastian von Engelhardt, 2004. "Volkswirtschaftliche Aspekte der Open-Source-Softwareentwicklung," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 18/2004, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  • Handle: RePEc:jen:jenasw:2004-18
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sebastian von Engelhardt, 2006. "Die ökonomischen Eigenschaften von Software," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft (Expired!) 14/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    2. Welter, Friederike & Levering, Britta & May-Strobl, Eva, 2016. "Mittelstandspolitik im Wandel," IfM-Materialien 247, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Software; Open Source; Closed Source; Humankapital; Wissen; Netzwerkeffekte; Spillover; Effizienz; Verwertungsrechte; Marktunvollkommenheit.;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • K11 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Property Law
    • L12 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software

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    2. Diskuto:Libera programaro in Wikipedia Esperanto ne '')

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