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El Sector Turístico En La Comunidad Valenciana: Un Analisis En El Marco De La Economía Geográfica

Listed author(s):
  • Juana Aznar


    (Universidad Miguel Hernández)

  • Rosella Nicolini

    (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona)

This paper aims at developing a theoretical and empirical analysis of the factors affecting the demand of the tourist sector in the Comunidad Valenciana. We develop a study in line with the approach of the economic geography theory. Firms belonging to the tourist sector concentrate around natural resources and make spontaneous agglomerations arise. The activities sponsored by the Agencia de Turismo allow firms to improve the quality of the touristic offer and generate competitive advantages for the firms themselves. The econometric results suggest that the elasticity of the touristic demand is positive and very significant with respect to the quality of the touristic offer. Moreover, as one can expect, transport costs and other barriers smooth the touristic demand. En este estudio nos proponemos, utilizando un modelo de economía geográfica, ofrecer un análisis teórico y empírico de los elementos que afectan a la demanda turística en la Comunidad Valenciana, siendo este un sector en el que las empresas se distribuyen de manera polarizada alrededor de los recursos naturales. Las actividades patrocinadas por la Agencia Valenciana de Turismo han permitido incrementar la calidad de los servicios ofrecidos, sobre todo para las empresas que forman parte de una aglomeración, puesto que esta circunstancia les permite disfrutar de ventajas competitivas. Además, del análisis empírico se obtiene que la elasticidad de la demanda turística (pernoctaciones en hoteles) con respecto a los servicios ofrecidos es positiva y altamente significativa, mientras que no resulta afectada por el número de restaurantes. Por otra parte, y como cabría esperar, los costes de transporte parecen ser una restricción importante para los turistas extranjeros. Algunas consideraciones de política económica concluyen este estudio.

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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2005-18.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2005-18
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