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Portugal: an Incomplete Europeanization


  • António Goucha Soares


The article aims to explore Portugal’s performance in some areas that can be included in a wide concept of Europeanization: the state of the economy, the rule of law, and education. It starts with a brief reference to the evolution of the Portuguese economy since the European accession to conclude that with the adoption of the single currency Portugal entered into a phase of clear economic divergence, making it an exception within the EU. Section 2 is devoted to the rule of law. It highlights how a modern and updated legal system can have an outcome that threatens some basic foundations of the rule of law, and can also contribute to increasing social inequality. The last section focuses on some problems affecting education. Particular attention is drawn to the performance of the secondary education system and to issues related to the quality of higher education institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • António Goucha Soares, 2009. "Portugal: an Incomplete Europeanization," Working Papers GHES - Office of Economic and Social History 2009/38, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, GHES - Social and Economic History Research Unit, Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Handle: RePEc:ise:gheswp:wp382009

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    Estado Portugal; Europeanization; rule of law; economic divergence; education JEL classification : I20; K40; O19;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations


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