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De la relation épargne/investissement à l'évolution du taux de chômage

Author

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  • Mussard, Stéphane

    (CEPS/INSTEAD, GEREM (Université de Perpignan), GREDI (Université de Sherbrooke))

  • Philippe, Bernard

    (GEREM (Université de Perpignan))

Abstract

Nous soutenons que pour étudier le fonctionnement réel des économies capitalistes, il ne suffit pas de considérer l'innovation comme un processus de destruction créatrice. Il est aussi nécessaire de supposer que les agents de ces économies adoptent une institution ou règle nommée système de paiement. Cette hypothèse permet de proposer deux conclusions. Selon la première, le montant des investissements réalisés dans ces économie au cours d'une période diffère de celui de l'épargne. D'après la seconde, l'écart entre ces deux montants peut avoir pour origine une création monétaire elle-même fonction de trois types d'arguments : le degré de validation par la marché des paris engagés par les directions d'entreprise, l'innovation, et les conflits concernant la répartition de la valeur ajoutée. Ces conclusions permettent-elles de décrire des fonctionnements réels et non virtuels ? Un test nous incite à privilégier la première partie de l'alternative.

Suggested Citation

  • Mussard, Stéphane & Philippe, Bernard, 2006. "De la relation épargne/investissement à l'évolution du taux de chômage," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  • Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2006-05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tanova, Cem, 2006. "Using Job Embeddedness Factors to Explain Voluntary Turnover in Five European Countries," IRISS Working Paper Series 2006-04, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Création Monétaire ; Croissance ; Partage; Valeur ajoutée ; Taux de chômage ; Validation;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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