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Educação e o Rendimento dos Ricos no Brasil

Author

Listed:
  • Marcelo Medeiros
  • Juliana Castro Galvão

Abstract

Neste texto, avalia-se em que medida a educação pode ser considerada um dos principais determinantes da riqueza no Brasil. O foco deste estudo é nos trabalhadores que compõem o 1% mais rico da distribuição da renda do trabalho. Para isso, foram utilizados os dados de formação universitária específica da amostra do Censo Demográfico de 2010, do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). A principal conclusão é a de que a educação pode ser importante para explicar a desigualdade total, mas não há evidências de que a educação de massa seja um dos fatores mais relevantes para esclarecer as diferenças entre os ricos e o restante da população brasileira. Nem mesmo a educação de elite pode ser tomada como um dos principais determinantes dos níveis atuais de riqueza. Há, portanto, uma parte importante da desigualdade total que não será reduzida por políticas educacionais. We examine the extent to which education is a main determinant of affluence in Brazil. We focus on workers in the top 1% of the labor earnings distribution. We use university courses data from the Sample Questionnaire of the 2010 Census. Our main conclusion is that while education may be important to explain total inequality, there is no evidence that mass education is a major factor explaining the differences between the rich and the rest of the population. Not even elite education can be assumed to be a main determinant of the current levels of affluence. Consequently, an important part of total inequality cannot be reduced by educational policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo Medeiros & Juliana Castro Galvão, 2015. "Educação e o Rendimento dos Ricos no Brasil," Discussion Papers 2080, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:2080
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