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Previdências Dos Trabalhadores Dos Setores Público e Privado e Desigualdade no Brasil


  • Marcelo Medeiros
  • Pedro H. G. F. de Souza


O estudo examina um conjunto particular de determinantes institucionais da desigualdade: as políticas previdenciárias. A hipótese testada é a de que os benefícios que realmente contribuem para a concentração da Previdência no país – e, consequentemente, para a desigualdade – não são aqueles cujos valores estão situados entre os limites vigentes para o setor privado, mas sim os benefícios mais altos do setor público. A metodologia usada decompõe os fatores do coeficiente de Gini da distribuição de rendimentos familiares per capita observada na Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF) 2008-2009. Conclui-se que o Estado reproduz desigualdades pré-existentes por meio de direitos previdenciários diferenciados para trabalhadores dos setores público e privado. A diferenciação de regras faz com que a previdência de valores mais altos, recebida por menos de 1% da população, contribua com 4% da desigualdade total. The study examines a particular set of institutional determinants of inequality, the public pensions. It tests the hypothesis that different rules regarding a maximum limit for the value of benefits in the pension subsystem of public and private sector workers makes the system as a whole regressive and contributes disproportionately to inequality in Brazil. Using a factor decomposition of the Gini coefficient of the distribution of family per capita income, as measured by POF 2008-2009 it concludes that the State reproduces pre-existing inequalities when it differentiates rules for public and private sector workers. Due to this differentiation of rules, the higher value pensions of less than 1% of the population contributes to 4% of total inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo Medeiros & Pedro H. G. F. de Souza, 2013. "Previdências Dos Trabalhadores Dos Setores Público e Privado e Desigualdade no Brasil," Discussion Papers 1876, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1876

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408.
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    5. repec:idb:wpaper:418 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Reinhart, Carmen M. & Talvi, Ernesto, 1998. "Capital flows and saving in Latin America and Asia: a reinterpretation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 45-66, October.
    7. Luis David Marques, 2000. "Modelos Dinâmicos com Dados em Painel: Revisão da Literatura," FEP Working Papers 100, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
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