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A Cooperação Triangular e as Transformações da Cooperação Internacional para o Desenvolvimento

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  • Bruno Ayllón Pino

Abstract

Nas últimas décadas, a Cooperação Internacional para o Desenvolvimento (CID) tem experimentado modalidades alternativas de execução, integrando países desenvolvidos, países em desenvolvimento e organismos multilaterais em formatos triangulares. Em um contexto de crise econômica, as limitações da CID para promover o desenvolvimento, somadas às dúvidas sobre o cumprimento dos compromissos financeiros dos doadores da Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE), propiciaram o surgimento de novos papéis e responsabilidades para os países emergentes, nas tarefas do desenvolvimento internacional, apostando em formas de cooperação mais horizontais, com enfoques e práticas a priori distintas da tradicional Cooperação Norte-Sul (CNS). Para os países emergentes, como Brasil, a Cooperação Triangular (CTR) é um instrumento de apoio à Cooperação Sul-Sul (CSS), que permite aumentar a escala de seus projetos, aprofundar seu impacto e explorar complementaridades com outros países e organizações internacionais. In recent decades, the International Cooperation for Development (ICD) has experienced alternative ways of implementation, integrating developed countries, developing countries and multilateral organizations in triangular arrangements. In a context of economic crisis, the limitations of ICD to promote development and the doubts on the fulfillment of the financial commitments of OECD donors, led to new roles and responsibilities for emerging economies in the international development tasks. They bet on more horizontal forms of cooperation, with approaches and practices a priori distinct from the traditional North-South Cooperation (NSC). For emerging countries such as Brazil, but also for other developing countries, Triangular Cooperation (TRC) is an instrument of support to South-South Cooperation (SSC) which allows to increase the scale of their projects, deepen their impact and explore complementarities with other countries and international organizations.

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  • Bruno Ayllón Pino, 2013. "A Cooperação Triangular e as Transformações da Cooperação Internacional para o Desenvolvimento," Discussion Papers 1845, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1845
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