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HIV and Income Inequality: If There is a Link, What Does It Tell Us?

Author

Listed:
  • Göran Holmqvist

    () (Institute for Futures Studies and Nordic Africa Institute)

Abstract

There is a striking variation in the prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among countries and regions of the world, with a distinct geographical pattern. This paper explores the link between income inequality and HIV. It presents empirical evidence?a meta-study and additional cross-country regression results?that clearly support the argument that such a link exists. The interpretation of this link is an open issue. Four different hypotheses are discussed, each one pointing out a transit route from income inequality to HIV. The paper presents preliminary evidence on these routes and identifies potential areas for future research.

Suggested Citation

  • Göran Holmqvist, 2009. "HIV and Income Inequality: If There is a Link, What Does It Tell Us?," Working Papers 54, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipc:wpaper:54
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    File URL: http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCWorkingPaper54.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    Cited by:

    1. Durevall, Dick & Lindskog, Annika, 2012. "Economic Inequality and HIV in Malawi," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(7), pages 1435-1451.

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