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Une nouvelle Constitution pour le Burundi? Un défi pour la Charte africaine de la démocratie, des élections et de la gouvernance

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  • Vandeginste, Stef
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    Le 9 et 10 octobre 2013, le Conseil des Ministres burundais a adopté un projet de loi portant modification de certaines dispositions de la Constitution du Burundi. Moins de deux ans avant les élections générales de 2015, cette démarche suscite de nombreuses interrogations. La présente analyse se limite à développer trois éléments d’analyse très précis. S’agit-il une d’une révision de la Constitution du 18 mars 2005 actuellement en vigueur ou de son remplacement par une nouvelle Constitution? Si, en effet, il est question d’une nouvelle Constitution qui remplacera l’actuelle, quelles seront les conséquences en ce qui concerne l’éligibilité de l’actuel Président de la République Pierre Nkurunziza? Enfin, comment peut-on évaluer cette initiative au regard de la Charte africaine de la démocratie, des élections et de la gouvernance? Avant d’aborder ces trois questions, un bref aperçu historique nous paraît utile. On 9 and 10 October 2013, the Council of Ministers of Burundi adopted a bill amending certain provisions of the Constitution of Burundi. Less than two years before the general elections of 2015, this approach raises many questions. This analysis is limited to three very specific elements of analysis. Is it a revision of the Constitution of 18 March 2005 or is it a replacement by a new Constitution? If, indeed, a new constitution is to replace the current one, what are the implications regarding the eligibility of the current President Pierre Nkurunziza of the Republic? Finally, how can we evaluate this initiative under the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance? Before addressing these three questions, a brief history seems useful. (text only available in French)

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    Paper provided by Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy (IOB) in its series IOB Analyses & Policy Briefs with number 4.

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    Length: 4 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2013
    Handle: RePEc:iob:apbrfs:2013004
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