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Análise de um processo decisório controverso: a co-incineração em Souselas [Analysis of a controversial decision process: the co-incineration at Souselas]

Author

Listed:
  • Maria João Maia

    (IET/CESNOVA, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia and ITAS, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)

  • Ana Isabel Moiteiro
  • Lanka Horstink
  • Mário Farelo

    (IET/CESNOVA, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia)

  • Rosa Antunes

    (IET/CESNOVA, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia)

Abstract

The scientific controversy generated around the destiny given to the fraction of hazardous industrial waste produced in Portugal and how the country dealt with this situation was the stand out point in Souselas case. Here, the dominant aspect of the analysis focused on the implementation of a solution for the treatment of hazardous industrial waste. These wastes result from industrial processes contain or are contaminated, by substances that, at certain concentrations, represent a risk to human health or to the environment. Their treatment can be done using co-incineration in existing cement factories. Having in mind the environment analysis of a controversial process, through the statements made by the different actors involved, the case of Souselas was our object of study. Initially, the actors involved in the process were identified and characterized, in terms of position, interests and / or concerns. This analysis has strengthened with the gathering of documentary elements of analysis. In a second phase the historical process was prepared. Only then, the conditions to make an interpretation of what really happened in the process were gathered, then , it was possible to identify which parts were successful and unsuccessful, and to interpret “why” these successes and failures occurred. Thus, after the identification of key variables and leverage points, a causal diagram and a schematic simulation of the behaviour of reference in case Souselas was designed. We conclude that the process of Souselas was a significant milestone with regard to social organization and spontaneous local actors in situations of opposition to central government decisions with local impact. It was also a turning point in governance according to the model of representative democracy, whose technocratic and elitist character is called into question. The Souselas case emphasized itself as a microcosm on the conflict of interests that we find at a global level heightened since the 90s and that opposes governments (and the actors that they are closer) to civil society organizations, to other scientists and citizens in general.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria João Maia & Ana Isabel Moiteiro & Lanka Horstink & Mário Farelo & Rosa Antunes, 2012. "Análise de um processo decisório controverso: a co-incineração em Souselas [Analysis of a controversial decision process: the co-incineration at Souselas]," IET Working Papers Series 10/2012, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, IET/CICS.NOVA-Interdisciplinary Centre on Social Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology.
  • Handle: RePEc:ieu:wpaper:49
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10362/10617
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Participatory Decision Process; Leverage points; Souselas; Portugal; Co-incineration; Hazardous industrial waste;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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