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Analyse de l’efficience éco-environnementale des exploitations laitières réunionnaises

Author

Listed:
  • David Berre

    () (IESEG School of Management (LEM-CNRS))

  • Stéphane Blancard

    () (AGROSUP Dijon, UMR 1041 CESAER)

  • Jean-Philippe Boussemart

    () (Université Lille 3 et IESEG School of Management (LEM-CNRS))

  • Hervé Leleu

    () (CNRS-LEM (UMR 8179), IESEG School of Management)

  • Emmanuel Tillard

    () (UMR SELMET / CIRAD La Réunion)

Abstract

Grâce aux avancées méthodologiques sur la prise en compte des outputs indésirables dans la modélisation des technologies de production, cet article permet d’évaluer l’éco-efficience de 51 exploitations laitières de La Réunion selon le point de vue de trois acteurs : l’éleveur, la coopérative et la société. Si l’analyse retient le scenario désirée par la société comme celui conforme à la plus forte diminution des quantités globales d’outputs indésirables, on constate néanmoins qu’en termes d’indicateurs environnementaux (excèdent azote/litre de lait et gaz a effet de serre émis/litre de lait), le scénario de la coopérative qui vise à maximiser la production laitière aboutit aux mêmes ordres de grandeur. Cependant, l’augmentation des couts suggérée par ce dernier scenario pourrait être un frein a sa mise en œuvre, compte tenu des charges déjà très élevées auxquelles font face les producteurs réunionnais. La vision de l’éleveur souhaitant améliorer sa productivité globale a dotations factorielles constantes apparaît alors comme satisfaisante en permettant une progression assez significative de la production à niveau de gaz à effet de serre (GES) et d’excédents azotés (EA) inchangé.

Suggested Citation

  • David Berre & Stéphane Blancard & Jean-Philippe Boussemart & Hervé Leleu & Emmanuel Tillard, 2011. "Analyse de l’efficience éco-environnementale des exploitations laitières réunionnaises," Working Papers 2011-ECO-09, IESEG School of Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ies:wpaper:e201109
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agriculture; outputs indésirables; fonction distance; Data Envelopment Analysis; gaz à effet de serre; azote;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects

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