IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Closer economic relations between Australia and New Zealand: specialisation, competitiveness, complementarity

Listed author(s):
  • Elizabeth H. Petersen
  • Rukmani Gounder
Registered author(s):

    The Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA) came into effect in 1983 and the objective of bilateral free trade in goods between the two countries was achieved in 1990. This study provides a quantitative analysis of the Agreement’s impacts on specialisation, competitiveness and complementarity in trade between the two countries. It is shown that, compared with Australia, New Zealand was able to exploit its comparative advantage and increase its complementarity in trade with Australia to a greater extent in the first time period after free trade was reached (1991-1995). However, subsequent to 1995, the reverse has been true, reflecting the greater effectiveness of Australia’s commercial policies and economic performance in the late 1990s relative to New Zealand.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by International and Development Economics in its series International and Development Economics Working Papers with number idec02-7.

    in new window

    Length: 20 pages
    Date of creation: 2002
    Handle: RePEc:idc:wpaper:idec02-7
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Crawford Building, Lennox Crossing, Building #132, Canberra ACT 2601

    Phone: +61 2 6125 4705
    Fax: +61 2 6125 5448
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:idc:wpaper:idec02-7. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Tom Kompas)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.