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El ahorro familiar en los países en desarrollo, desigualdad, factores demográficos y todo eso: ¿Qué tan distintos son América Latina y el Sureste de Asia?

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  • Miguel Székely
  • Orazio P. Attanasio

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) El Este de Asia y América Latina han venido divergiendo en varios aspectos durante las últimas tres décadas. En este trabajo se comparan los hábitos de ahorro familiar en dos países de cada región (México, Perú, Tailandia y Taiwán). Hacemos cuatro aportes. En primer lugar, establecemos las primeras comparaciones en cuanto al ahorro entre estas dos regiones al nivel micro, empleando técnicas de cohorte sintética cohort. En segundo lugar, en vez de concentrarnos exclusivamente en el ahorro total de la familia, como se suele hacer en la obra publicada, desagregamos a la población en grupos según su nivel de preparación, para determinar si hay diferencias en el comportamiento de ahorro según la distribución del ingreso. En tercer lugar, construimos predicciones sobre niveles agregados futuros de ahorro familiar, basados en proyecciones demográficas. En cuarto lugar, proporcionamos elementos de juicio que permiten poner a prueba la pertinencia del modelo del ciclo de vida, para explicar las diferencias en cuanto a la conducta de ahorro.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Székely & Orazio P. Attanasio, 2000. "El ahorro familiar en los países en desarrollo, desigualdad, factores demográficos y todo eso: ¿Qué tan distintos son América Latina y el Sureste de Asia?," Research Department Publications 4222, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4222
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David A. Wise, 1989. "The Economics of Aging," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number wise89-1, July.
    2. Attanasio, Orazio P, et al, 1999. "Humps and Bumps in Lifetime Consumption," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 17(1), pages 22-35, January.
    3. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong-Wha, 1993. "International comparisons of educational attainment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 363-394, December.
    4. Paxson, Christina, 1996. "Saving and growth: Evidence from micro data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 255-288, February.
    5. Attanasio, Orazio P & Browning, Martin, 1995. "Consumption over the Life Cycle and over the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1118-1137, December.
    6. Angus S. Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1994. "Saving, Growth, and Aging in Taiwan," NBER Chapters,in: Studies in the Economics of Aging, pages 331-362 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Orazio P. Attanasio, 1998. "Cohort Analysis of Saving Behavior by U.S. Households," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(3), pages 575-609.
    8. Orazio P. Attanasio, 1993. "A Cohort Analysis of Saving Behavior by U.S. Households," NBER Working Papers 4454, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Browning, Martin & Deaton, Angus & Irish, Margaret, 1985. "A Profitable Approach to Labor Supply and Commodity Demands over the Life-Cycle," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(3), pages 503-543, May.
    10. Christopher D. Carroll & Lawrence H. Summers, 1991. "Consumption Growth Parallels Income Growth: Some New Evidence," NBER Chapters,in: National Saving and Economic Performance, pages 305-348 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Giovanni L. Violante & Orazio P. Attanasio, 2000. "The Demographic Transition in Closed and Open Economies: A Tale of Two Regions," Research Department Publications 4194, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    12. repec:idb:wpaper:412 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Suzanne Duryea & Jere R. Behrman & Miguel Székely, 1999. "Schooling Investments and Macroeconomic Conditions: A Micro-Macro Investigation for Latin America and the Caribbean," Research Department Publications 4184, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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