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Assessing the Impact of Cluster Policies: the case of the Arranjos Productivos Locais in Brazil

Author

Listed:
  • Lucas Figal Garone
  • Alessandro Maffioli
  • Cesar M. Rodriguez
  • Gonzalo Vázquez
  • João Alberto De Negri

Abstract

This paper assesses the impact of a cluster development policy in Latin America. A Local Productive Arrangement (APL) is a cluster of firms within the same territory, operating around the same activity and maintaining ties of cooperation and learning among themselves and with other stakeholders. Using firm-level data comprising information on SMEs from Brazil for the years 2002 to 2009 we apply fixed effects, matching and reweighting methods to estimate both the direct and the indirect – i.e. spillovers – causal effect of participating in APLs on a series of SMEs’ performance indicators, including level of employment, value of exports and likelihood of exporting. The cluster policy is found to generate a positive direct impact on the three outcomes of interest. Moreover, we find some evidence of positive spillovers on both export outcomes, which become more relevant in the medium and long term. The results reinforce the importance of correctly accounting for the timing and considering gestation periods when assessing the impact of clusters policies to allow both the direct and indirect effects of such policies to materialize.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucas Figal Garone & Alessandro Maffioli & Cesar M. Rodriguez & Gonzalo Vázquez & João Alberto De Negri, 2012. "Assessing the Impact of Cluster Policies: the case of the Arranjos Productivos Locais in Brazil," SPD Working Papers 1203, Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Strategic Planning and Development Effectiveness (SPD).
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:spdwps:1203
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jose Claudio Pires & Tulio Cravo & Simon Lodato & Caio Piza, 2013. "Industrial Clusters and Economic Performance in Brazil," OVE Working Papers 0513, Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE).
    2. Hala El-Said & Mahmoud Al-Said & Chahir Zaki, 2015. "Trade and access to finance of SMEs: is there a nexus?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(39), pages 4184-4199, August.
    3. Boneu, Franco & Giuliodori, David & Maffioli, Alessandro & Rodríguez, Alejandro & Stucchi, Rodolfo, 2014. "The spillover effects of the ICT cluster support in Córdoba," MPRA Paper 60307, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cluster Policies; Brazil; Impact Evaluation; Panel Data; Fixed-effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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