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Regional Integration and Productivity: The Experiences of Brazil and Mexico

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  • José Ernesto López Córdova
  • Mauricio Mesquita Moreira

Abstract

This paper discusses the impacts of integration on productivity, specifically within regional agreements. The paper focuses on the economies of Brazil and Mexico and on their performance in the manufacturing sector. The authors estimate firm-level productivity and test its casual links with trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) variables. The results suggest strong trade related gains, with import discipline emerging as the dominant effect. The results on learning-by-exporting were mixed, with gains restricted to Brazil's regional and worldwide exports. On FDI, foreign firms appear to have had a positive impact on their buyers and suppliers in Mexico, but in Brazil, the overall impact was statistically insignificant on productivity levels and negative on productivity growth.

Suggested Citation

  • José Ernesto López Córdova & Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, 2003. "Regional Integration and Productivity: The Experiences of Brazil and Mexico," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2790, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:2790
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    File URL: http://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/2790/Regional%20Integration%20and%20Productivity%3a%20The%20Experiences%20of%20Brazil%20and%20Mexico.pdf?sequence=1
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Héctor Salgado Banda & Lorenzo Bernal Verdugo, 2011. "Multifactor productivity and its determinants: an empirical analysis for Mexican manufacturing," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 293-308, December.
    2. Rodriguez-Pose, Andres & Sanchez-Reaza, Javier, 2003. "Economic Polarization Through Trade: Trade Liberalization and Regional Growth in Mexico," WIDER Working Paper Series 060, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Silvia Adriana Peluffo Geronazzo, 2016. "Increased trade openness, productivity, employment and wages: a difference-in-differences approach," Estudios Regionales en Economía, Población y Desarrollo. Cuadernos de Trabajo de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez. 32, Cuerpo Académico 41 de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, revised 01 Apr 2016.
    4. Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, 2009. "Brazil's Trade Policy: Old and New Issues," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2508, Inter-American Development Bank.
    5. José Luis Machinea, 2003. "The Impact of Western Hemisphere Free Trade Agreements on the Foreign Sector and Debt Sustainability," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4280, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Ramirez Verdugo, Arturo, 2005. "Tax Incentives and Business Investment: New Evidence from Mexico," MPRA Paper 2272, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Oct 2006.
    7. Masi, Fernando & Setrini, Gustavo & Arce, Lucas & González, Cynthia & Servín, Belén, 2011. "Trade and poverty in Paraguay: the case of an agribusiness value chain," Documentos de Proyectos 417, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

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