Analysing External Demand for the Hong Kong-Dollar Currency
This paper estimates that about 50 ¡V 70% of the Hong Kong-dollar currency in circulation (equivalent to about $100 ¡V 140 billion), mostly in the form of high-denomination banknotes, was being circulated outside Hong Kong at the end of 2009. The large external circulation was mainly a result of increased economic integration between Mainland China and Hong Kong, with a thriving gaming industry in Macao providing an extra boost. In the near future, although economic integration will continue to expand external circulation, an appreciation of the renminbi is likely to reduce it. Simulation results from a cash demand model suggest that a gradual and orderly appreciation of the renminbi is not likely to cause large-scale repatriation of Hong Kong-dollar banknotes back to Hong Kong or pose a significant risk to domestic monetary stability. While some observers raise concerns about a potential increase in counterfeiting activity due to large external circulation, we have found that no clear relationship existed between counterfeiting notes confiscated in Hong Kong and external currency demand in recent years.
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- Kenneth S. Chan, 2001. "Currency Substitution between Hong Kong Dollar and Renminbi in South China," Working Papers 022001, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.