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Sweets or Alcohol? The Gender Battle within Japanese Families


  • Piao, Xiangdan


In this study, I examine the allocation mechanism within families by using the collective model. The empirical results suggest that a wife's income proportion affects her budget proportion. This connection exists for food and shows that a wife's income proportion is positively correlated with her preferred share of the food budget but is negatively correlated with a husband's preferred share of the food budget. I also explored the changes in a wife's income proportion and budget proportion between 1989 and 2004 and found that the correlation between the two became larger, suggesting that a wife's distribution power strengthened during this period.

Suggested Citation

  • Piao, Xiangdan, 2013. "Sweets or Alcohol? The Gender Battle within Japanese Families," Research Center for Price Dynamics Working Paper Series 10, Research Center for Price Dynamics, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:rcpdwp:10

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    Collective model; Preference; Income proportion; Budget proportion;

    JEL classification:

    • D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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