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The Quality of Motivation in Learning and Leisure Activities, and Their Accompanying Experiences


  • Konstantin G. Soldatnikov

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Dmitry A. Leontiev

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics)


This study focuses on the relationships between motivation (internal, external and other types of regulation) and the subject's experiences of different activities, like learning and leisure. We examine activity related experiences in light of the three-dimensional model of experiences that grew from Csikszentmihalyi’s flow theory. The model distinguishes three dimensions of experiences accompanying every activity – pleasure, meaning, and effort – the experience of void being defined as the absence of all three). We conducted a correlation study on a sample of students (N = 357) using the Activity-related Experiences Assessment (AREA) Scale (Leontiev, 2015) to measure experiences in learning and leisure; Universal Perceived Locus of Causality Scale (Ryan, Connell, 1989; Russian version by Sheldon, Suchkov, Osin, 2015). Strong correlations were observed between different types of motivation and experiences related to the same activity but not to different activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantin G. Soldatnikov & Dmitry A. Leontiev, 2017. "The Quality of Motivation in Learning and Leisure Activities, and Their Accompanying Experiences," HSE Working papers WP BRP 83/PSY/2017, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:83psy2017

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    self-determination theory; experiences; motivation; intrinsic motivation; extrinsic motivation; pleasure; meaning; effort; void.;

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    • Z - Other Special Topics

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