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The verbless subjunctive in Russian


  • Nina Dobrushina

    () (National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia). Faculty of Philology)


The Russian subjunctive particle by can be used in constructions that lack any finite verb form, including constructions involving infinitives, predicative adverbs or adjectives, and nouns. The properties of these constructions are compared, and a conclusion is made that verbless subjunctives share a common semantic component, namely a wish or necessity. A survey of the development of subjunctive verbless constructions with predicative adverbs and adjectives shows that the evolution of the optative meaning took place during the last two centuries

Suggested Citation

  • Nina Dobrushina, 2013. "The verbless subjunctive in Russian," HSE Working papers WP BRP 32/HUM/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:32hum2013

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    Russian; morphology; verb; mood; subjunctive; optative;

    JEL classification:

    • Z - Other Special Topics

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