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Utviklingen i kommunenes helse- og omsorgstjenester 1986-2010

Author

Listed:
  • Hagen, Terje P.

    () (Department of Health Management and Health Economics)

  • Negera Amayu, Kebebew

    (Department of Health Management and Health Economics)

  • Godager, Geir

    (Department of Health Management and Health Economics)

  • Iversen, Tor

    (Department of Health Management and Health Economics)

  • Øien, Henning

    (Department of Health Management and Health Economics)

Abstract

Norge, som alle andre vestlige land, står foran en periode med betydelig økning i antall eldre. Økningen både i antall og andel eldre blir feilaktig beskrevet som en ”eldrebølge”. Beskrivelsen er feilaktig fordi flere eldre ikke er et forbigående fenomen. Det er ingen bølge. Økningen i antall eldre fortsetter så langt prognosene til nå er laget, til 2060. Antall personer 67 år og eldre sank fra en topp på 620 000 i 1995 til drøye 600 000 i 2004 fordi de nye pensjonistene kom fra de små fødselskullene fra 1930-årene. Antall personer 67 år og eldre har deretter vokst noe, og vil øke raskere framover, fra 614 000 i 2008 til om lag 1,5 millioner i 2060 i følge mellomalternativet til Statistisk sentralbyrå. Dette er over dobbelt så mange som i dag (Brunborg, m. fl, 2008). Den sterke økningen i antall eldre stiller krav til utformingen av offentlig politikk. I denne rapporten analyseres tre spørsmål som alle er viktige for å forstå endringene og utfordringene innen pleie- og omsorgstjenestene. De tre spørsmålene er: - Korrigert for tjenestemottakeres bistandsbehov - koster det mindre for kommunen å satse på utbygging av hjemmetjenester framfor institusjonstjenester? - Hvordan har veksten i kommunale pleie- og omsorgstjenesten vært og hva er årsakene til veksten i perioden 1986–2010? - Hvordan påvirker utbygging av hjemmetjenester kvaliteten på tjenesten som tilbys den enkelte bruker?

Suggested Citation

  • Hagen, Terje P. & Negera Amayu, Kebebew & Godager, Geir & Iversen, Tor & Øien, Henning, 2011. "Utviklingen i kommunenes helse- og omsorgstjenester 1986-2010," HERO On line Working Paper Series 2011:5, Oslo University, Health Economics Research Programme.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:oslohe:2011_005
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    File URL: http://www.med.uio.no/helsam/forskning/nettverk/hero/publikasjoner/skriftserie/2011/2011_5.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    hjemmetjenester; institusjonstjenester; kommunale pleie- og omsorgstjenesten; kvalitet på hjemmetjenester; aldrende befolkning; eldrebølge;

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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