Taxation of Entrepreneurs Relative to Well Diversified Investors - A Swedish Perspective
The paper argues that cost of capital comparisons across closely held companies and entrepreneurial ventures on the one hand and widely held companies on the other, ought not to be based on an equal level assumption regarding the investors’ required rates of return, net of taxes. Theoretical considerations as well as empirical evidence show that the return requirements are much higher on investments by entrepreneurs in venture startups than on those by well diversified investors. Using earlier results based on the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), it is shown that the difference can be as high as a factor three. Given these circumstances, the paper concludes that by more or less neglecting this difference, the Swedish dual income tax system heavily discriminates against entrepreneurship and growth of small firms. This should be a lesson to other countries considering the mitigation of effects of capital mobility by a dual income tax, i.e. by using standardized measures of the amount of capital income to be taxed at lower rates than labour.
|Date of creation:||30 Oct 2004|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden|
Phone: +46 8 665 4500
Fax: +46 8 665 4599
Web page: http://www.ifn.se/
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0632. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Elisabeth Gustafsson)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.