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A Spatial ICT Clusters in Sweden – An Empirical Method to Identify Necessary Conditions for Existence

  • Karlsson, Charlie

    ()

    (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Mellander, Charlotta

    ()

    (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

  • Paulsson, Thomas

    ()

    (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)

An empirical method to identify the existence of a spatial cluster is proposed. The method, based upon regression analysis, offers researchers to categorise regions, municipalities, or cities with respect to their over- or under-representation in number of establishments and employment for any arbitrary industry. It is suggested that a necessary condition for the existence of a cluster entails a significant overrepresentation in both the number of establishments as well as in employment for any given sector in a region. Furthermore, this over-representation should be related to the size of the region. The categorisation generated by the proposed method has evident policy implications for any region aiming at developing and supporting a potential or emerging cluster. This paper offers an analysis of the ICT-sector in Sweden, where the proposed method is used to identify potential clusters in the 81 Swedish functional regions. A comparison in time between 1990 and 2000 is also presented.

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Paper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 12.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 24 Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0012
Contact details of provider: Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 790 95 63
Web page: http://www.infra.kth.se/cesis/

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